The gallbladder is responsible for storing bile produced in the liver that is effective in fat digestion. This liquid enters the intestine via the Hungarian bile. In some cases if there are stones in the gallbladder or entry into Hungarian bile, surgery will be necessary.
Cholecystectomy is the surgical removal of the gallbladder, which is located in the abdomen beneath the right side of the liver. Gallbladder problems are usually the result of gallstones. These stones may block the flow of bile from your gallbladder, causing the organ to swell. Other causes include cholecystitis (inflammation of the gallbladder) and cholangitis (inflammation of the bile duct). Cholecystectomy is the most common laparoscopic surgery and the first laparoscopic surgery which is done on humans.
Common bile duct tube connects the liver, gallbladder, and pancreas to the small intestine and helps to deliver fluids that aid digestion.If a stone in the common bile duct is not removed, the duct may become infected, resulting in emergency surgery. The surgeon uses instruments to explore the common bile duct and adjacent structures. Once the stones are located, a flexible endoscope may be used to retrieve them.